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What Is A 2 Point Conversion?

Have you ever asked yourself… What is a 2 point conversion?

In football, a 2 point conversion also known as “2 point convert” is a scoring opportunity for a team to score 2 points instead of 1 after scoring a successful touchdown

A 2 point conversion is a process of scoring another touchdown after a touchdown has been made. The team who just gained 6 points after making a touchdown will try to generate an additional 2 points in which they have to make another touchdown–this time from the 3-yard line in college football (amateur), and from the 2-yard line in professional football. 

If the team was able to be successful in making a touchdown, they will earn 2 additional points on the top of the 6 points for the touchdown, for a total of 8 points (instead of 7). And if the team fails to convert, no points shall be added. In either case, whether the 2 point conversion is successful or not, the team proceeds to kickoff. 

When Did 2 Point Conversion Start?

The 2 point conversion started in college football in 1958. 2 years later, the AFL or the American Football League adopted the rule which lasts until 1969. It ended due to the AFL and the NFL will be merging by that time and the rule was not immediately carried over to the “merged league”. 

However, in Canadian Football League in 1975, they used the 2 point conversion rule and made it a mandatory scoring option during overtime games for the obvious reason, which is to break the tie between the two opposing teams. 25 years after the AFL and the NFL merged, the 2 point conversion rule was adopted by the NFL in 1994. 

Who Scored The First 2 Point Conversion In The NFL?

Thomas Joseph Tupa Jr, who was also known as Tom Tupa, played 17 seasons in the NFL and scored the first 2 point conversion in NFL history. [1]

He faked the opposing team that he was going for a “1 point convert” attempt but went to scoring a 2 point conversion. He even earned the nickname “2 Point Tupa” for he scored a total of three 2 point conversion during the 1994 season. 

It was also during the 1994-1995 season when the first 2 point conversion was scored in the Superbowl in which Mark Seay of the San Diego Charger caught a pass from Stan Humphries. [2]Although they were able to convert in a 2 point attempt, 49ers defeated the Chargers during that game with a score of 49-26.

2 Point Conversion vs 1 Point Conversion And How It Works In Action?

Up to this present time, it is still a debate on when to use the 2 point conversion. Obviously, it has more value than scoring a point (1 point convert), it could even change the course or even the outcome of the game. The question is, it is really worth the risk? 

Read: What Happens When A 2 Point Conversion Gets Intercepted?

Several sports and football analytics shared their insights on when is the best time to go for a 2 point conversion. Laura Albert, who is an Associate Professor in the University of Wisconsin-Madison shared her idea on when is the perfect time to try to make a “2 point convert”. 

As per Albert, teams should go for a 2 point conversion if they are down by 10, 8, 3 or 2 after a successful touchdown. She also claimed that teams who are up by 1, 2, 4 or 5 should go for it in order to seal the victory. She said it is a critical decision during the course of the game because it really affects the probability of winning. After all, it really depends on the game situation, and the score of the game as it runs through the final whistle. 

What Is The 2 Point Conversion Success Rate?

Through the years, there is a massive raise in teams trying to score a “2 point convert”. Since the NFL expansion in 2002, it is evident that teams are going for 2 point conversion after scoring a successful touchdown. 

In 2017, NFL teams went into attempting 28 “2 point conversion”. After a year, teams tried to score through a “2 point convert” 47 times. Statistically speaking, the success rate of the 2 point conversion lies at around 40-55 percent. Though it is obvious that is way lower than a “1 point convert” (which is at approximately 97% success rate), it can’t change the fact that its value is higher and could help teams capture the win. 

Final Words

The risk of taking and trying to score through a 2 point conversion varies by the situation. But its reward can have an effect in win probabilities and point differentials. As the National Football League breaking records after records every year, it is possible and expected that the idea of scoring through the 2 point conversion will dominate the league in the upcoming years to come. Time has changed in which teams will be opting to use it not only more frequently, but as automatic as on how they used the 1 point conversion before as an opportunity to score. What do you think about this phenomenon? Let us know!


1. Tom Tupa Stats |” Accessed 2 Aug. 2020.
 2. “Stan Humphries Stats |” Accessed 2 Aug. 2020. d

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